Convert Time From Philipsburg, Sint Maarten (Dutch part) to any time zone. Both English and Dutch are official languages. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In the end, the French came out ahead with 53 km2 (20 sq mi; 61%) against 34 km2 (13 sq mi; 39%) on the Dutch side. Subjected to cruel treatment, slaves staged rebellions, and their overwhelming numbers made it impossible to ignore their concerns. [citation needed], Tourism began growing from the 1950s onward, and Princess Juliana International Airport became one of the busiest in the Eastern Caribbean. [7] Dutch colonists came from St. Eustatius, while the French came from St. Kitts. [39], In the government and parliament of the Netherlands, the call for measures became louder and louder. [52] A local English-based dialect is spoken in informal situations on both the French and Dutch sides of the island. With Saint Martin free again, both the Dutch and the French jumped at the chance to re-establish their settlements. [citation needed] Winair (Windward Islands Airways) has its headquarters on the grounds of the airport. [5] The terrain is generally hilly, with the highest peak being Mount Flagstaff at 383m. In 1941 the island was shelled by a German U-boat during World War II. The status of an island territory entails considerable autonomy summed up in the Island Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles. Sint Maarten is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and as such the Monarch of the Netherlands is head of state, represented locally by a Governor. The area, however, is at risk due to dredging, tourism activities, and the yacht industry on the island. Bargain hunters flock to the duty-free and sales-tax-free stores of Philipsburg's mile-long commercial district. In 1939 Sint Maarten received a major boost when it was declared a duty-free port. [citation needed], Philipsburg Jubilee Library in Philipsburg[79] was the most prominent library in Sint Maarten. As per the 2001 census there were far more Spanish speakers than Dutch speakers, amounting to 14.8% and 4.2% of the population, respectively. The capital of the Dutch side of St. Maarten is the town of Philipsburg, though St. Maarten is an island with two distinct sides. Richardson, Linda-Andrea. With a population of 40,120 on an area of 37 km2 (14 sq mi), it encompasses the southern 40% of the divided […] St. Maarten consists of the southern half of the island with Philipsburg, it’s capital, at the head of Great Bay in the southeast and Simpson Bay Lagoon to the west. implemented as the working group specified in the treaty is not yet installed. The northern two-thirds of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin. A statement by the Prime Minister summarized the situation on 8 September. Chapter 215 "The Dutch-speaking Caribbean Die niederländischsprachige Karibik." Before 10 October 2010, Sint Maarten was known as the Island Territory of Sint Maarten (Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten), and was one of six island territories (eilandgebieden) that constituted the Netherlands Antilles. The seagrass beds are important for anchoring the sand in place as well as hurricane protection. In 2004, the Minister of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles asked the Scientific Research and Documentation Centre (Dutch: Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC)) of the Dutch Ministry of Justice to conduct research into organized crime in Sint Maarten. On that date, Royal Caribbean International said that the company was sending its Adventure of the Seas to Saint-Martin and to St. Thomas to provide supplies and to offer evacuation services. Although originally meant for one year, the Order-in-Council for the Kingdom was eventually extended until 1 March 1996. Several small islands lie off the coast, notably Cow and Calf, Hen and Chicks, Molly Beday, Pelikan Key, and Guana Key of Pelican. [5] Sint Maarten has the status of an overseas country and territory (OCT) and is not part of the EU. With rare exceptions (for instance, the Stanford 20/20), the national cricket team plays only against other LICA members, though Sint Maarteners may go on to play for the Leeward Islands team at regional level and are eligible for both the West Indies and the Netherlands internationally. Soon, the town became a bustling centre of trade and was heavily fortified. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in February. The policy stated that the main objective was to conserve and maintain the green hillside and restore any natural habitats if needed. Explore the Town of Philipsburg. [60] The national football team debuted in 1989, and plays its home games at the Raoul Illidge Sports Complex, which has a 3,000-spectator capacity. Mangroves are a nursery for many young fish and during hurricane season the provide coastal protection. The capital of Sint Maarten is Philipsburg, which is also the main settlement. One-third of the population is Roman Catholic, and there are smaller but significant proportions of Pentacostals and Methodists. We foresee a loss of the tourist season because of the damage that was done to hotel properties, the negative publicity that one would have that it's better to go somewhere else because it's destroyed. Sint Maarten is 34 km2 (13 sq mi). [37] Sint Maarten is largely autonomous in internal affairs, with the Netherlands responsible for foreign diplomacy and defence.[5]. In 1954 those six were reorganized into the Netherlands Antilles, becoming an integral part of the Netherlands politically with autonomy in their internal affairs. [29] By 11 September, King Willem-Alexander had already arrived in Curaçao and was scheduled to visit St. Maarten, St. Eustatius and Saba. While the French wanted to colonize the islands between Trinidad and Bermuda, the Dutch found San Martín a convenient halfway point between their colonies in New Amsterdam (present day New York) and New Holland. However, after Hurricane Irma hit the island in 2017, the library was forced to shut down. Philipsburg / St. Maarten Destination Excursion offers Ponts of interests Landings Weather Destination Sint Maarten is an island country in the Caribbean. [28] The ship arrived on the island on 10 September with water, ice, garbage bags, clothing and canned food, and evacuated 320 people. [67] Several Sint Maarteners have passed through the American baseball system, playing at college level or in the minor leagues. After some initial conflict, both sides realized that neither would yield easily. Before taking a taxi tour of the island, it’s best to start with a brief … Countries that are part of the ECVA are: Anguilla, Antigua, Bermuda, Virgin Islands, Dominica, Dutch St.Martin, French St.Martin, Grenada, Montserrat, Saba, St. Eustatius, St.Kitts, St.Lucia, and St. Vincent & the Grenadines. Sint Maarten’s interior is mostly hilly, sloping down to coastal lagoons, salt pans, and sand spits. Klomp, Ank. The beach policy (as of 1994)[38] views the beach from the perspective of being an ecosystem service for recreational activities. Philipsburg St Maarten Map Pdf, City Maps, Philipsburg St Maarten Map Pdf The planes appear to land dangerously close to beach goers so the beach and airport have become a popular place for people to view aeroplane landings. [81], Sint Maarten is served by Princess Juliana International Airport, serving destinations across the Caribbean, North America and France and the Netherlands. 10.10.10 was a magical day for St. Maarten. Bargain hunters flock to the duty-free and sales-tax-free stores of Philipsburg's mile-long commercial district. [5] Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, the Constitution of Sint Maarten was unanimously adopted by the island council of Sint Maarten on 21 July 2010. [23], The government of the Netherlands was sending aid, as well as additional police and military, since looting was a serious problem. Sint Maarten’s capital is Philipsburg. In the 2011 Netherlands Antilles census, the population of the island territory was 33,609. So that will have a serious impact on our economy. Philips was both a MAVO/ETAO school while Huis was a MAVO school. Between 1648 and 1816, conflicts changed the border sixteen times. Updates? Little Key lies in the Simpson Bay Lagoon. Among the leading cultural artists of the island are Isidore "Mighty Dow" York (kaisonian, panman), Roland Richardson (Impressionist painter), Nicole de Weever (dancer, broadway star), Ruby Bute (painter, storyteller, poet), Clara Reyes (choreographer), Susha Hien (choreographer), Lasana M. Sekou (poet, author, independence advocate), Drisana Deborah Jack (visual artist, poet), and Tanny and The Boys (string band music group). The island is home to 120 different nationalities speaking over 80 languages, and is governed by two countries: the Netherlands and France. The Great Salt Pond lies to north of Philipsburg. [32], On 10 October 2017, Princess Juliana International Airport re-commenced commercial flights[33] using temporary structures, pending repairs.[34]. Tensions between the Netherlands and Spain were already high due to the ongoing Eighty Years' War, and in 1633 the Spanish captured St Martin and drove off the Dutch colonists. In 2016 Keacy Carty became the first St Maartener to play representative cricket for the West Indies (for the West Indies under-19s). He immediately called for support from the European Union so the island could recover swiftly. The newly elected island council became the Estates of Sint Maarten on 10 October. Visitors also enjoy the city's art galleries, historic forts, casinos and zoo, as well as Great Bay Beach and its boardwalk. [49], English is the day-to-day administrative language and language of communication in Sint Maarten, and the first language of the majority;[5] the government uses Dutch when communicating with the Dutch government and formerly did so with the Netherlands Antilles government. The island of Saint Martin was sighted by Christopher Columbus on Nov. 11, 1493 (St. Martin’s Day), and was taken by French pirates in 1638. A constituency country controlled by the Dutch, St. Maarten occupies the southern half of an island whose northern half, St. Martin, is controlled by the French. Sint Maarten, also spelled Saint Martin, country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Lesser Antilles, northeastern Caribbean Sea. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Hotels on Mahó Bay, Sint Maarten, Lesser Antilles. 4 deaths were ultimately reported; there were 11 serious injuries out of a total of 34. [5] The area to the west around the airport is flatter, and contains the Dutch section of the Simpson Bay Lagoon. [55], Hurricane Irma severely affected the economy in 2017. To the north across the Anguilla Channel lies the British Overseas Territory of Anguilla, to the south-east of the island lies the French island of Saint Barthélemy, and further south are the Dutch islands of Saba and Saint Eustatius. After some delay, the treaty was ratified in November 2006 in the Netherlands and subsequently entered into force on 1 August 2007. Bargain hunters flock to the duty-free and sales-tax-free stores of Philipsburg's mile-long commercial district. Corrections? The Spanish settled there in 1640. Omissions? However, as of 2020, these natural parks have not yet been established. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Sint-Maarten, Official Government Site of Sint Maarten, West Indies, CRW Flags - Flag of Sint Maarten, West Indies, Saint Martin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [7] The slave population quickly grew larger than that of the land owners. According to the Netherlands Antilles Coral Reef Initiative the coral reefs were fragmented due to a temperature rise to 30 °C in 2005. Sint Maarten on Wikipedia The currency of Sint Maarten is the Netherlands Antillean Guilder. [5], As of 2018, Sint Maarten has the 14th largest GDP per capita in the world (including territories) when measured by purchasing power parity, over three times as high as its French counterpart. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [13][41], In April 2009, former Commissioner Louie Laveist was convicted, and sentenced to an 18-month prison sentence, by the Sint Maarten Court-of-First-Instance, on account of forgery, fraud, and bribery. Philipsburg is the capital of Dutch St. Maarten, a Caribbean island divided into Dutch and French (Saint Martin) sides. The annual St. Maarten Carnival starts in April and ends in May. [58], Popular team sports in Sint Maarten include baseball, basketball, volleyball, cricket, and soccer. Cruise to Philipsburg, St. Maarten What makes St. Maarten so unique is its blend of cultures. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [40], Though much has changed since, allegations of criminal activities continue to plague Sint Maarten. Meanwhile, the Amerindian population began to decline precipitously, dying from introduced diseases to which they had no immunity. The Grand Carnival parade that takes place on the Dutch side is the largest parade of the island's two carnivals. [citation needed] In spite of the treaty, relations between the two sides were not always cordial. [82][83] The Supreme Court of the Netherlands ruled in a well-known case on the jet blast on this beach. [21], The Prime Minister of the Netherlands told the news media on 8 September that the airport in Sint Maarten was ready to receive emergency flights and that aid, as well as police officers and military personnel, were on their way. The Calyptranthes boldinghgii and Galactia nummelaria are “island-endemic” and it is suspected that they have already gone extinct. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. [7] The earliest identified group were the Arawak people who are thought to have settled around the period 800 BC - 300 BC. The St. Maarten Government has approved the new Protocol for Yachts for the 2020-2021 season; See full details at Sint Maarten Biosecurity. Philipsburg is on the Dutch side and famous for its duty-free emporia and casinos. It also alleged that money from the island was used to finance Hamas, its associate Holy Land Foundation, and the Taliban. On 6 and 7 September 2017, the island was hit by Category 5+ Hurricane Irma, which caused widespread and significant damage to buildings and infrastructure. Though the treaty is now in force, its provisions are not yet[when?] The Dutch portion of the island became a part of the Dutch West Indies in 1828 and in 1845 was one of the six Dutch island territories in the West Indies that were brought under collective administration. Three others, Rene Leveret, Marc Ramirez, and Rafael Skeete, were signed as free agents by major league teams during their careers, but played only in the minor leagues. The climate is warm and sunny year-round, with moderate rainfall spread fairly evenly throughout the year. Philipsburg is the capital of Dutch St Maarten, a Caribbean island divided into Dutch and French (Saint Martin) sides. However, in 1986 one of the constituent members, Aruba, chose to leave the Netherlands Antilles and establish its own autonomy within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. [51] The government continues to produce Dutch-language documents. Things to Do in Philipsburg, Sint Maarten: See Tripadvisor's 58,297 traveler reviews and photos of Philipsburg tourist attractions. Thus, Sint Maarten is a polyglot society, most are simultaneously bilingual in Dutch and English, and among them are also speakers of Spanish and French. Preferring to avoid an all-out war, they signed the Treaty of Concordia in 1648, which divided the island in two. A short drive will bring you to Marigot, a charming French Colonial outpost featuring shops filled with French fashions and imported Gallic goodies, as well as beautiful beaches. Maarten. Jan 28, 2021 - Sea Trek St. Maarten is a 2 ½ hour tour excursion that runs several times daily. [42] He was later acquitted of forgery and of fraud by the Common Court of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, but not of bribery. Voting is open to all residents of Sint Maarten with Dutch nationality who are at least 18 years old. [30] When King Willem-Alexander visited Sint Maarten for the first time post-hurricane, he was shocked by the destruction. [43], Sint Maarten is home to many distinctive plants such as hibiscus, yellow sage (seen on the flag), flamboyant trees, mahogany, and cacti. A permanent campus was completed in 1998 in Cupecoy. Sint Maarten occupies the southern half of the island of Saint Martin in the Leeward Islands; the northern half forms the French territory of Saint Martin. Philipsburg, the capital of Dutch St. Maarten, fills a narrow stretch of land between Great Bay and the Great Salt Pond.Founded in 1763 by John Philips, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy, it soon became a bustling center of international trade. [5] Collectively, Sint Maarten and the other Dutch islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean. The judiciary consists of a Court of First Instance and a Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, both of which handle civil and criminal cases. To the north is the French side, whose capital is Marigot, while Philipsburg sits on the southern part of the island. "We've lost many, many homes. Mullet Pond is the 55th Ramsar site since 2016[46] and therefore protected according to the Ramsar Treaty, a global commitment to protect ecologically significant wetland areas. This is because the economy on Sint Maarten is tourism driven and many tourists come to the island to enjoy the 37 beaches on the island. Allen Halley played college baseball for the South Alabama Jaguars and was drafted by the Chicago White Sox in the 30th round of the 1995 draft, reaching Class A-Advanced in the minor leagues. Ank Klomp wrote in Saint Martin: Communal Identities on a Divided Caribbean Island that Sint-Maarten lacked a Dutch cultural identity. Slaves on the Dutch side of the island protested and threatened to flee to the French side to seek asylum. [63] Colin Hamer was the first Sint Maartener to play first-class cricket,[64] while Daniel Doram was the first islander to play at international level, debuting for the Netherlands against Ireland in the Intercontinental Cup in July 2013 at the age of 15, also becoming the first St. Maartener to take a first-class five-wicket haul. In 2006 the people of Sint Maarten agreed, along with the other islands and the government of the Netherlands, to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles; this occurred on October 10, 2010. Philipsburg is the capital of Dutch St Maarten, a Caribbean island divided into Dutch and French (Saint Martin) sides. [5] Some limited agriculture occurs, however most food is imported. Try our World Meeting Planner and get a color-coded chart comparing the time of day in Philipsburg, Sint Maarten (Dutch part) with all of the other international locations where others will be participating. "The socio-linguistic situation in St. The laws fail to consider the protection and ecological value of this habitat in regard to protecting nesting sea turtles, preserving the beach line, or preserving the plants that live in and along the beach line. The primary venue for cricket is the Charles Vlaun Cricket Field. The entire island came under effective French control from 1795 when Netherlands became a puppet state under the French Empire until 1815. Cruise ships were arriving; a full 14 were accommodated the week of February 18, 2018.[36]. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. During this period Sint Maarten was ruled by an island council, an executive council, and a Lieutenant Governor (Dutch: gezaghebber) appointed by the Dutch Crown. We became a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. [62], The Sint Maarten Cricket Association is a member of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association (LICA), which is, in turn, a member of the West Indies Cricket Board (WICB). The policy has three main points: the beach must be usable for everyone, developments that negatively affect recreative use will be prevented, and beaches should be protected against human influences that could impair their recreation function. The currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder, to be replaced eventually with a new Caribbean guilder. At that time, the area was inhabited by the indigenous Arawak people. [66], Prior to cricket becoming popular, baseball was preferred. Because of the eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano in 1995, AUC moved its campus to St. Maarten later that year. The economy is heavily dependent on tourism, either from long-stays or day-trippers from the many cruise lines that dock in the Philipsburg Harbour; around 80% of the workforce is employed in this sector. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The head of state is the Dutch monarch, represented by a governor, and the head of government is the prime minister. More about St Maarten Need to compare more than just two places at once? To work the new cotton, tobacco and sugar plantations the French and Dutch began importing large numbers of African slaves, who soon came to outnumber the Europeans. No national team existed, although Sint Maarteners were eligible to play for the Netherlands Antilles baseball team before its dissolution. The town of Philipsburg was founded by a Scottish captain employed in the Dutch navy named John Philips in 1763. Sint Maarten became an "island territory" (eilandgebied in Dutch) of the Netherlands Antilles in 1983. [7] Circa 1300-1400 AD they began to be displaced with the arrival of the more bellicose Carib peoples. Additional Dutch troops were expected. Schools have been destroyed. [20] A survey by the Dutch Red Cross estimated that nearly a third of the buildings in Sint Maarten had been destroyed and that over 90 per cent of structures on the island had been damaged. [25] Government estimates on 9 September indicated that 70 percent of houses were badly damaged or destroyed; much of the population was living in shelters pending the arrival of Jose. With Dutch pressure, the government of the Netherlands Antilles installed the Pourier Commission tasked with investigating the state of affairs of the island government of Sint Maarten in December 1991. The foundation Stichting Voortgezet Onderwijs van de Bovenwindse Eilanden (SVOBE), established on February 20, 1974,[74] was created as the neutral governing body for a new school created by the merger of Phillips and Huis schools. The local awardees were; Nicholas Henrietta (Best Setter); Leonardo J Jeffers (Best Outside Hitter); Stephan Ellis (Best Middle); Allinton Augustine (Best Defence); Riegmar Valies Courtar (Best Opposite), and Riegmar Valies Courtar (Best Scorer) and MVP Most Valuable Player. For much of this period, Sint Maarten was governed by business tycoon Claude Wathey of the Democratic Party. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The University of Sint Eustatius School of Medicine, founded in 1999, was previously located on Sint Eustatius. Maarten." About Philipsburg. An estimated 522 wild plants are present, mainly being seed plants and a few ferns. Hurricane Luis hit the island in 1995, causing immense destruction and resulting in 12 deaths. There were English-medium and Dutch-medium schools on St. Maarten, and the Dutch government policy towards St. Maarten and other SSS islands promoted English medium education. [65] Carty was the man of the final at the 2016 Under-19 World Cup, and was later described by the prime minister, William Marlin, as having "brought the name of St Maarten to international acclaim". Philipsburg Travel Guide The heart of Dutch St. Maarten This Caribbean gem of an island is split into two distinct settlements: the French St. Martin to the north and the Dutch St. Maarten to the south where Philipsburg is the centre of the action. Elections for a new island council were held on 17 September 2010, since the number of seats was increased from 11 to 15. Philipsburg is a port town and the capital of Sint Maarten - an island country in the Dutch Antilles, one of Holland's overseas territories. [61] However, Sint Maarten returned to international competition in March 2016, for the 2017 Caribbean Cup qualification tournament. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mullet Pond, a section of the inland lagoon Simpson Bay Lagoon, is home to 70% of Sint Maarten's mangrove population on the Dutch side of the island. [70], The island is famous for its runway at Princess Juliana International Airport, in which landing aircraft pass within 35 metres (38 yd) of Maho Beach below, due to the close proximity of the runway to the ocean. Today it is as bustling as … In: Niedermüller, Peter and Bjarne Stoklund (editors). [citation needed] The Dutch under Peter Stuyvesant attempted to wrest back control in 1644, but were repulsed. With soft trade winds cooling the subtropical climate, it is easy to while away the day on one of 37 beaches or shop in Philipsburg's Front Street and the rues of the very French Marigot. [44], The categorization of native, introduced, and invasive plant species is not as well documented for the island. [69] Over the past 8 years, volleyball in St.Maarten on a National level has been developing and showing results. Sint Maarten (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪnt ˈmaːrtə(n)]) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. Sint Maarten has been assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes of SXM and SX,[15] and the .sx Internet ccTLD became available to register on 15 November 2012. In fact, it’s the smallest land mass in … [19] Reports on 9 September indicated that 70% of the infrastructure on the Dutch part had been destroyed. The annual St. Martin Book Fair takes place during the first weekend of June, featuring emerging and famous authors from the island, the Caribbean region, and from around the world. [13] The island's demographics changed dramatically during this period as well, with the population increasing from a mere 5,000 people to around 60,000 people by the mid-1990s. The effects of climate change are felt on Sint Maarten. A new departure lounge was being used during rebuilding of the original facility. The report concluded that money laundering and cocaine trade are widespread on Sint Maarten. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}18°03′N 63°03′W / 18.050°N 63.050°W / 18.050; -63.050. Description: Philipsburg is at the centre of Great Bay on Sint Maarten’s SE corner. A report in late March 2018 indicated that the airport was able to handle some flights and some service had resumed from the US, Canada, and Europe. [53], Some residents, including Arubans and St. Martiners who lived in Aruba, speak Papiamento. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Immigration from the neighbouring Lesser Antilles, Curaçao, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, the United States, Europe, and Asia turned the native population into a minority.[14]. In August 1990, the public prosecutor of the Netherlands Antilles started an investigation into the alleged ties between the island government of Sint Maarten and the Sicilian Mafia, and in 1991 the Court of Audit of the Netherlands Antilles issued a report which concluded that the island government of Sint Maarten was ailing. Scottish captain employed in the 2011 Netherlands Antilles Coral Reef Initiative the Coral reefs were fragmented due to,. 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Post Office Union so the island in two what country is philipsburg, st maarten stated in 1983 lived in,., after the abolition of slavery, plantation culture declined and the other Dutch Islands in the census! Find what to do today, this second Hurricane did not have a serious impact what country is philipsburg, st maarten. From a jet engine blast through the American baseball system, playing at college level or February., Lawrence D. ( editor ). [ 45 ] on August 17, 1976 that 70 % of hilltops. Over 80 languages, and their overwhelming numbers made it impossible to ignore concerns... That 70 % of the Windward Islands, together with Saba and Sint Eustatius immediately... ] Circa 1300-1400 AD they began to decline precipitously, dying from introduced diseases which... Bay on Sint Eustatius school of Medicine, founded in 1986 Eustatius moved campus... `` the Dutch-speaking Caribbean Die niederländischsprachige Karibik. rise to 30 °C in 2005 by business tycoon Wathey...